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Hitlin, Steven; Andersson, Matthew A.; & Elder, Glen H., Jr. (2015). Motivation: Life Course and Sociological Perspectives.. Wright, James D. (Ed.) (pp. 940-945). Oxford, England: Elsevier Press.


Recent developments in life course research have enriched the core principle of human agency, moving past personality-based understandings toward an exploration of the ways that human reflexivity interacts with personality to motivate the bounded selection of life course pathways. We build on literature detailing the roles of self-efficacy, personal control, and optimism to suggest economical ways to conceptualize and measure the mutually intersecting influences of individual motivational dispositions and social structures on people's linked lives and life course pathways.


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Hitlin, Steven
Andersson, Matthew A.
Elder, Glen H., Jr.