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King, Valarie & Elder, Glen H., Jr. (1998). Education and Grandparenting Roles. Research on Aging, 20(4), 450-474.


This study examines the association between educational attainment and grandparenting attitudes and behaviors. The sample of 884 grandparents comes from two related studies of rural familes, the Iowa Youth and Families Project and the Iowa Single Parent Project. Rather than simply indicating greater or lesser involvement, education differentiates the types of roles that grandparents play. Some facets of grandparenting are more common among the less educated (e.g., contact, playing the role of friend), while others are more common among grandparents with higher education (e.g., dicussing the grandchild's future with him or her). The implications of these findings are discussed in light of the seemingly contradictory findings of previous reserach.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Research on Aging


King, Valarie
Elder, Glen H., Jr.