CitationDin-Dzietham, Rebecca & Hertz-Picciotto, Irva (1998). Infant Mortality Differences between Whites and African Americans: The Effect of Maternal Education. American Journal of Public Health, 88(4), 651-656. PMCID: PMC1508444
AbstractOBJECTIVES: Despite decreasing infant mortality in North Carolina, the gap between African Americans and Whites persists. This study examined how racial differences in infant mortality vary by maternal education.
METHODS: Data came from Linked Birth and Infant Death files for 1988 through 1993. Multiple logistic regression models adjusted for confounders.
RESULTS: Infant mortality risk ratios comparing African Americans and Whites increased with higher levels of maternal education. Education beyond high school reduced risk of infant mortality by 20% among Whites but had little effect among African Americans.
CONCLUSIONS: Higher education magnifies racial differences in infant mortality on a multiplicative scale. Possible reasons include greater stress, fewer economic resources, and poorer quality of prenatal care among African Americans.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleAmerican Journal of Public Health