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Strategies for Recruiting Steady Male Partners of Female Sex Workers for HIV Research


Fleming, Paul J.; Barrington, Clare; Perez, Martha; Donastorg, Yeycy A.; & Kerrigan, Deanna L. (2015). Strategies for Recruiting Steady Male Partners of Female Sex Workers for HIV Research. AIDS and Behavior, 19(2), 362-368. PMCID: PMC4344403


Steady male partners of female sex workers (FSW) are a key population for HIV prevention, but researchers face challenges finding and recruiting this population. We conducted 40 in-depth interviews with FSW and steady male partners of FSW in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic about how to engage steady male partners in HIV research. Participants cautioned that male partners might be unwilling to participate because of discomfort disclosing intimate information and cultural norms of masculinity. They recommended inviting male partners to research offices, instead of venue-based recruitment, because it was more private and trust-promoting. Most participants suggested that FSW could refer their partners or men could refer their friends who have FSW partners. Participants emphasized that referrals could break down trust-related barriers that prevent male partners from participating. Establishing an environment of respect and trust in the research setting can aid referral processes as individuals who participate communicate their positive experiences to their networks.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

AIDS and Behavior


Fleming, Paul J.
Barrington, Clare
Perez, Martha
Donastorg, Yeycy A.
Kerrigan, Deanna L.