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Inequality, Mobility, and Well-being

inequality secondary theme photo

What factors drive the desire to invest in education, enter the labor force, relocate to a new city, or even a new country? How do these cumulative decisions contribute to overall levels of development and inequality for the population? CPC faculty fellows take advantage of rich data available through Federal Statistical Research Data Centers and harness variations in the introduction of new policies to understand the dynamics of these dimensions of population change.



Associated Projects

ProjectPrincipal InvestigatorDescriptionTagsCountries
Add Health Parent Study: Phase IKathleen Mullan HarrisThe Add Health Parent Study (2015-2017), gathered social, behavioral, and health survey data in 2015-2017 on a probability sample of the Add Health parents who were originally interviewed in 1995.Demography, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited States of America
Cash Transfers for Adolescent Girls and young Women to Reduce Sexual Risk in Tanzania: A Qualitative and Behavioral Economics Assessment of the CARE StudyAudrey E. PettiforExamining the experiences of adolescent girls and young women who were part of the CARE Study.Biomarkers, Interventions and Evaluation, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited Republic of Tanzania
Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition SurveyLinda S. AdairA longitudinal study following new mothers and their infants over 30+ years of life course development. Biomarkers, Interventions and Evaluation, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESPhilippines
China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS)Barry M. Popkin, Penny Gordon-LarsenCHNS examines how the social and economic development of Chinese society is affecting the health of its population.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESChina
Data for Impact (D4I)Siân L. CurtisWe strengthen the technical and organizational capacity of local partners to collect, analyze, and use data to support their move to self-reliance.Data Science, Interventions and Evaluation, Race/Gender/Age/SESBangladesh, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Zimbabwe
Drivers and Consequences of Climate-Induced Migration in AfricaClark GrayThis project will provide new insight into climate-induced migration in Sub-Saharan Africa with a focus on how this process varies over space and how destination areas are affected.Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SES
Early Life Mortality in the United StatesRobert HummerThis project seeks to better understand early life mortality (ages 0-24) in the United States in the context of substantial racial/ethnic inequality and very rapid socioeconomic and family changes that have occurred in recent decades.Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited States of America
Ecuador ProjectsStephen J. Walsh, Richard E. BilsborrowThis program investigates the social, economic, and demographic effects on land use change among colonist and indigenous communities in the northern Ecuadorian Amazon.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESEcuador
Evolution of Well-Being among Older AdultsElizabeth FrankenbergLooking at longer-term consequences of large-scale disasters on the health and well-being of older adults.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESIndonesia
Full Access, Full Choice: Increasing Youth's Access to Expanded Method ChoiceIlene S. SpeizerThe project will help fill gaps in existing global, country, and program-level data and information to support future evidence-informed investments on expanded contraceptive method choice among youth.Race/Gender/Age/SES
Impact of the Malawi Social Cash Transfer on Beneficiaries' Vulnerabilities Throughout the Life CycleClare BarringtonIdentfying vulnerable sub-groups receiving unconditional cash transfers in Malawi, and identifying ways in which the Social Cash Transfer Programme can enhance its positive effect on their well-being.Interventions and Evaluation, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESMalawi
LAMHA - Latino Adolescent Migration, Health and Adaptation ProjectKrista M. PerreiraExamining the mental health status and needs of recent Latino immigrant youth and their primary caretakers in North Carolina.Race/Gender/Age/SESNorth Carolina, United States of America
Longer Term Effects of a Natural Disaster on Health and Socio-Economic StatusElizabeth FrankenbergThis project will collect and analyze data from Sumatra, Indonesia, on how children and prime-age adults are affected by and respond to a large-scale natural disaster, the Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004, which killed an estimated 160,000. The Study of the Tsunami Aftermath and Recovery (STAR) is a longitudinal survey of individuals, households, communities, and facilities in the provinces of Aceh and North Sumatra, Indonesia. Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESIndonesia
Mapping North Carolina's public postsecondary education pipelineRebecca TippettMapping out a complete picture of North Carolina's postsecondary educational pipeline and identifying the biggest opportunities for improvementDemography, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Race/Gender/Age/SESNorth Carolina, United States of America
MEASURE EvaluationJames ThomasMEASURE Evaluation’s mission is to contribute to better health for people living in low-income countries by assisting governments and health institutions to generate and use information to change what doesn’t work and to scale up what does.Data Science, Interventions and Evaluation, Multi-level ApproachesAngola, Armenia, Bangladesh, Barbados, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Myanmar, Burundi, Côte d'Ivoire, Cameroon, China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, Eastern Caribbean, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Republic of Moldova, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, United Republic of Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Ukraine, Viet Nam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Monitoring Social Change: Health, Reproduction, AgingBarry M. PopkinAdding a follow-up survey to collect and analyze biomarker data from participants in the China Health Nutrition Study.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESChina
Multilevel mechanisms of HIV acquisition in young South African womenAudrey E. PettiforIdentifying social determinants and their pathways of effect that shape HIV risk among young women in sub-Saharan Africa, a population that bears an enormous burden of disease.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESSouth Africa
Nang Rong ProjectsStephen J. Walsh, Ronald R. Rindfuss, Barbara EntwisleA team collected information from more than 50,000 individuals as well as from adminsitrative records, meteorological data, satellite images, and many other sources over a span of 20 years in the Nang Rong district in northeast Thailand.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESThailand
National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult HealthKathleen Mullan HarrisThe Add Health Wave V Program Project will add new data to the existing longitudinal multilevel social, behavioral, biological, and genetic data to create an unparalleled scientific resource for investigating the developmental origins of health and disease.Biomarkers, Interventions and Evaluation, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited States of America
Network on Life Course Dynamics and Disparities in 21st Century AmericaRobert HummerA research network investigating how and why the United States is increasingly falling behind virtually all comparably developed/wealthy nationsUnited States of America
Nutrition Transition ProgramBarry M. PopkinA set of reseach projects that study the rapid increases in inactivity and obesity, and the associated rise in noncommunicable diseases, that have occurred along with other rapid social and economic changes in the developing world.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SES
Policy Options to Improve Educational Impact of the Malawi SCTPClare BarringtonInvestigating why school-aged children in Malawi continue to drop out of school at high rates, despite households in Malawi receiving an unconditional school bonus for school-aged children.Malawi
Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of HSE (RLMS-HSE)Barry M. PopkinThe RLMS is a household-based longitudinal survey designed to measure the effects of Russian reforms on the economic well-being of households and individuals.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESRussian Federation
Searching for Clean Air and Sustainable Energy Transitions in YangonPamela JaggerAn estimated 10-15% of Yangon's 5 million residents are considered 'unofficial', residing in high density, peri-urban, and often informal settlements.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course
Sexual Orientation/Gender Identity, Socioeconomic Status, and Health Across the Life Course.Carolyn Tucker HalpernExploring how sexual orientation/gender identity and socioeconomic status intersect and contribute to health and disease across the life course.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited States of America
Socioeconomic and Racial Gaps in Schools: Implications for Health and EmploymentKathleen Mullan HarrisFor lower SES and racial minority children, school experiences are often characterized by inequalities in which they are disadvantaged relative to higher SES and White children.Multi-level ApproachesUnited States of America
Southern Immigrant Academic Adaptation Study (SIAA)Krista M. PerreiraSIAA is a population-based study examining of the daily acculturation experiences and academic adaptation of Latino youth in a new receiving community.Longitudinal/Life-Course, Race/Gender/Age/SESNorth Carolina, United States of America
Stepping Stones and Ladders: The Sources of the Mobility of Low Wage Workers in the United States, 1996-2012Ted MouwAnalyzing the conditions under which low-wage workers achieve upward mobility.United States of America
Study of the Tsunami Aftermath and RecoveryElizabeth FrankenbergThe Study of the Tsunami Aftermath and Recovery (STAR) provides data and analyses regarding the long-term impact of exposure to an extreme event, the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, on population health and well-being.Biomarkers, Data Science, Demography, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Race/Gender/Age/SESIndonesia
Supporting Evidence-based Policy Making in sub-Saharan Africa through the Transfer ProjectGustavo AngelesA multi-country cash transfer research initiative to find out if and how cash transfers impact other aspects of people's lives.Interventions and Evaluation, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SES
Tailoring Teaching to Fit the Class: Teaching Practice and Classroom Composition Under Random AssignmentJane Cooley FruehwirthThe main purpose of this project is to explore teaching practice through the lens of classroom composition (based on student initial achievement, race, socioeconomic status, and gender).Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited States of America
Transfer ProjectSudhanshu (Ashu) HandaThe Transfer Project is a multi-country cash transfer research initiative.Biomarkers, Interventions and Evaluation, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SES
Understanding the risk profile of young women's male partners in rural South Africa.Audrey E. PettiforAssessing the empirical data on the male partners of young women in sub-Saharan African who are at very high risk of HIV infection.South Africa


Associated People


Allison Aiello

Allison Aiello

Epidemiology

Gustavo Angeles

Gustavo Angeles

Maternal and Child Health

Clare Barrington

Clare Barrington

Health Behavior

Kenneth A. Bollen

Kenneth A. Bollen

Psychology & Neuroscience and Dept of Sociology

Luca Flabbi

Luca Flabbi

Economics

Clark Gray

Clark Gray

Geography

Guang Guo

Guang Guo

Sociology

Robert Hummer

Robert Hummer

Sociology

Jon M. Hussey

Jon M. Hussey

Maternal and Child Health

Douglas Lee Lauen

Douglas Lee Lauen

Public Policy

Jeremy Moulton

Jeremy Moulton

Public Policy

Ted Mouw

Ted Mouw

Sociology

Shu Wen Ng

Shu Wen Ng

Nutrition

Andrew F. Olshan

Andrew F. Olshan

Epidemiology

Krista M. Perreira

Krista M. Perreira

Social Medicine

Audrey E. Pettifor

Audrey E. Pettifor

Epidemiology

Kavita Singh

Kavita Singh

Maternal and Child Health

Jessica Su

Jessica Su

Sociology

Sean Sylvia

Sean Sylvia

Health Policy Management

Amanda L. Thompson

Amanda L. Thompson

Anthropology

Sharon S. Weir

Sharon S. Weir

Epidemiology

Colin West

Colin West

Anthropology